Essential Elements

  • The International Baccalaureate (IB) Primary Years Programme (PYP) balances the acquisition of significant and relevant knowledge and skills, the development of conceptual understanding, the formation or personal, positive attitudes and the capacity to take responsible actions.

    The PYP:

    • addresses students' academic needs and their social and emotional well-being
    • encourages students to develop independence and to take responsibility for their own learning
    • supports students' effort to gain understanding of the world and to function effectively within it
    • helps students to establish personal values as a foundation on which intentional-mindedness will flourish


    The written curriculum, outlined below, is made up of five essential elements and details what students will learn.

    Essential Elements in the PYP


    The five essential elements of the PYP are:

    • knowledge, which is both disciplinary, represented by traditional subject areas (language, maths, science, social studies, arts, PSPE) and transdisciplinary
    • concepts, which students explore through structured inquiry in order to develop coherent, in-depth understanding, and which have relevance both within and beyond subject areas
    • skills, which are the broad capacities students develop and apply during learning and in life beyond the classroom
    • attitudes, which contribute to international-mindedness and the well being of individuals and learning communities, and connect directly to the IB learner profile
    • action, which is an expectation in the PYP that successful inquiry leads to responsible, thoughtful and appropriate action